psalm 4:1 commentary
I. "Have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer." This is another instance of David's common habit of pleading past mercies as a ground for present favour. These short commentaries are based on Level A EasyEnglish (about 1200 word vocabulary) by Gordon Churchyard. Psa. "Commentary on Psalms 4:1". The verb may be rendered either, "Thou hast enlarged,"—in which case David would ground his prayer for help merely upon past deliverances,—or, "Thou dost enlarge," David being then understood to comfort himself with the thought, that God stood ordinarily to him in the relation of a helper in the time of need. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/psalms-4.html. Psalm 30 7 Meaning; Psalm 31 Meaning; Psalm 32 Commentary; Psalm 33 Commentary. This Psalms opens with prayer, then an address showing the folly, as well as danger, of pursuing vanity; the close of the Psalm determines that the happiness of man must be alone found in the favor of God. Or as St. Jerome renders it, victory to him that overcometh; which some understand of the chief musician; to whom they suppose the psalms, which bear that title, were given to be sung. God is righteous in Himself, but He also does what is right for His children, namely, come to their rescue when they are in need (cf. You have set me at large when I was in distress. (Calmet). Psalms 27:9, where "Thou who art my helper" corresponds to "Thou God of my salvation.". To beg help, without being able thus to designate God, is equivalent to blasphemy. "Commentary on Psalms 4:1". ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. And this agrees also with the experience of the saints; who, when in distress through sin, Satan, and the law, have been set free, through the Gospel proclaiming liberty to the captives to such enemies; and the opening of the prison to them that have been bound by them: and when they have been so shut up and straitened in themselves, that they could not come forth in the discharge of duty, and in the exercise of grace; through the Spirit of the Lord, who is a spirit of liberty, they have been enlarged in the duty of prayer and of praise, and in the exercise of faith and love; and their hearts have been enlarged through the discoveries of the love of God towards them, so that they have run cheerfully in the ways of his commandments; who also gives them largeness of heart, an increase of the knowledge of Christ, and of the love of God, and tills them with joy and peace in believing, and draws out the desires of their souls to his name, and the remembrance of him; have mercy upon me: the psalmist pleads no merit nor worthiness of his own, but applies to the grace and mercy of God; and sensible of his sin, both original and actual, he entreats a discovery of pardoning grace and mercy. But if there be any foundation for the idea, surely it is an interesting one, to take with us in our searching for him through the whole book of Psalms, from whence we know, as well as other parts of scripture, the Lord Jesus spake to his disciples concerning himself. This is a thought very common in the Psalter, and apparently was a favourite phrase of Davidâs, occurring in Psalm 18:19 (comp. The Psalmist shortly resumes in these words what in Psalms 3 had been the foundation of his hope of deliverance, and raises himself up in the following verses, by means of a new ground of hope, even his Divine election. But why doth David beg audience and mercy in general only, and not lay open to God his particular grievances? BibliographyBeza, Theodore. From the 2nd to the 6th verse he expostulates with his rebellious subjects, and admonishes them for their good: in the remainder of it he prays for God's assistance, and pathetically expresses his sure dependance upon him. Have mercy upon me - In my present troubles. Praise Him! This is a common mode of expression in Hebrew. He feels that the God who had done it in former troubles could do it again; and he asks him to repeat his mercy. Book One The Way of the Righteous and the Wicked - Blessed is the man who walks not in the counsel of the wicked, nor stands in the way of sinners, nor sits in the seat of scoffers; but his delight is in the law of the LORD, and on his law he meditates day and night. Psalm 4:4 Or In your anger (see Septuagint) Cross references. Here he reviews his Ebenezers and takes comfort from them. First of all, I want to give honor to God in whose ways I am imperfectly trying to walk. 1. Concerning the authenticity of these titles in general, there is great doubt among commentators. Title.— בנגינות למנצח lamnatseach bineginoth. With stringed instruments. When we are vilified, and derogated by others, as David here was, let us make God acquainted with our condition, by his example. God of my righteousness = My righteous God. Hear me, when I call, O God, &c.— Or, Answer me, &c. O God of my righteousness! 4 The psalmist likely looks back at what God has done for His people, 5 (especially in the (first) Exodus) and trusts that God will continue to be God. 2012. As Barnes said, "`Leasing' is the old English word for `a lie. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/psalms-4.html. BibliographyClarke, Adam. I had rather have the king’s favour than Mephibosheth’s land. Book 1 (Psalms 1 - 41) » Psalms 1-41 in one file [or download in RTF format] Psalm 1: The Two Ways … Amen." Mr. Fenwick has been at the pains to consider the Hebrew titles of the psalms at large; to him, therefore, we refer the reader curious on these subjects; Observing II. The psalm is a regular part of Jewish, Catholic, Anglican, and Protestant liturgies. The most satisfactory account of them extant, that we know of, is Calmet's Dissertation upon the Hebrew Instruments, and the Univ. "Commentary on Psalms 4:1". 1871-8. "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". Or, we may understand it thus: - "God hath enlarged my heart with joy and comfort when I was like a man imprisoned by grief and sorrow." But while I do not presume to say otherwise, I venture to throw out a conjecture, that this Psalm was addressed to an infinitely greater person, than any among the sons of men. Or the expression may mean, The foundation, source, and author of my righteousness. Thou hast enlarged me, i.e. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/psalms-4.html. In this he supplies a rule for every prayer in like extremities. "Commentary on Psalms 4:1". To the chief Musician on Neginoth. Thou hast enlarged me - I was in prison; and thou hast brought me forth abroad. God of my righteousness — or, “my righteous God, as my holy hill” (Psalm 2:6), who will act towards me on righteous principles. The distress of which he speaks, in my opinion, refers not less to the state of his mind than to circumstances of outward affliction; for David’s heart was not of such an iron mould as to prevent him from being cast into deeper mental anguish by adversity. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/psalms-4.html. Psa. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? See more on Psalms 22, 60. But, in my opinion, he rather mentions the benefits which he formerly received from God, and by these strengthens himself against the time to come. Moreover, he calls him the God of his righteousness, which is the same thing as if he had called him the vindicator of his right; (50) and he appeals to God, because all men everywhere condemned him, and his innocence was borne down by the slanderous reports of his enemies and the perverse judgments of the common people. He reproves the wicked, Psalm 4:2. (Duguet.) This psalm has a good deal in common with Proverbs 2:12-15, 20-22 and Jeremiah 17:5-13, both of which contrast the Words in boxes are from the Bible. We suffer, and we cannot shield those we love from suffering. ), for the perf . BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. Psalm 4:1 serves as the invocation. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress -, "Have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer. An exhortation to duty, Psalm 4:4,5. The words may be rendered, "be gracious unto me" (i), or "show me favour"; bestow the blessings of grace, grant larger measures of grace, and fresh supplies of it: and so all sensible sinners apply to God for mercy; and all the saints have recourse to him as the Father of mercies, and the God of all comfort, for every mercy, both temporal and spiritual. "Commentary on Psalms 4:1". In Psalms 4:1 David pleads with God for help. He is seeking that God will continue to act on his behalf in response to his prayer. In any case, the passage assumes that man is a noble creature, endowed with reason, and other marvelous gifts of ability and intelligence, indicating that it is shamefully degrading to men themselves who refuse to honor and obey their Creator. A psalm of David. In my crying hear me, God of my righteousness. Pop(ular) Song. Chrysostom is credited with having said that if he had the privilege of preaching to all mankind at one time and that he could speak only once that it would be from this text. Psalms 3:8 : Psalms 4:2 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. 'Tis true there are many who take these titles in different senses; but I cannot find one ancient interpreter who doubts of their authority; whence we conclude," says he, "that though the titles as well as the other texts may have different interpretations as well as various readings, yet those which are agreed to have been in the original books, were never called in question by any divine of antiquity." Ps. Psalms 5:8-12 The Power in Petition. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-4.html. “Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress.” Think of what God has been to you, you tried ones, for he will be the same still. God is a never-failing comforter. Let us lay ourselves open to the Spirit’s touch; and so make music. "Commentary on Psalms 4:1". thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; when he had like to have been killed by Saul casting a javelin at him; and when his house was watched by men that Saul set there, and he was let down through a window and escaped; and when he was shut in at Keilah, where Saul thought he had him safe; and at other times, to which he may here refer, as in Psalm 18:19; and this may be applied to the Messiah, when in the garden, beset with sorrows, and an angel strengthened him; and when on the cross, surrounded by various enemies, whom he conquered; and when in death and the grave, from the pains and cords of which he was loosed, and set in a large place. "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". 4:36), and in other psalms attributed to him. David speaketh first to God, and then to men. Bible Commentary / Produced by TOW Project Book 4 of Psalms places the brokenness of the world—including human mortality—in the context of God’s sovereignty. "I humbly beseech thee, that I may find grace in thy sight, my lord, O king," said that false Ziba to David, 2 Samuel 16:4; q.d. "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". For, instead of wishing God to act according to His nature, one then wishes Him to deny His nature. 1874-1909. Have mercy upon me; thou mayst justly destroy me for my many and great sins, and therefore I flee from thy justice to thy mercy, on which all my hopes are grounded. vol. PSALM 4:1-8 To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm of David. ḥ , of רחב , root רח ( Deutsch. He now implores the same mercy again. You have relieved me in my distress; Be gracious to me and hear my prayer. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. The prayer indicates confidence in the power and the unchangeableness of God, and proves that it is right in our prayers to recall the former instances of the divine interposition, as an argument, or as a ground of hope that God would again interpose. Psalms 4:1 « To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm of David. Thou hast, that is, thou wilt enlarge me who am now in distress. It is summed up in the question, âShall not the judge of all the earth do right?â The strength of the innocent in the face of calumny or oppression lies in the appeal to the eternal source of righteousness. It is used precisely in the same way, for example, in Psalms 24:5, "The God of his salvation,"=his salvation-God. הרחבת is not precative (Böttch. An experienced warrior and conqueror, David had been familiar with dangers and deliverances, and his faith is now encouraged from the past. Then by Hitzig, who finds here a deliverance from a certain particular distress, the same that was spoken of in Psalm third. Gordon Churchyard. This Psalm is, for the matter or substance of it, much like the former, and seems to have been made upon the same or some other like occasion, when he was distressed either by Absalom, or by Saul, or by some other great and powerful enemies. "Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress." Commentary on Psalm 4:1-5 (Read Psalm 4:1-5) Hear me for thy mercy-sake, is our best plea. 1832. , or "show me favour"; bestow the blessings of grace, grant larger measures of grace, and fresh supplies of it: and so all sensible sinners apply to God for mercy; and all the saints have recourse to him as the Father of mercies, and the God of all comfort, for every mercy, both temporal and spiritual. The appeal to God as a righteous God implies a conviction in the mind of the psalmist of the justice of his cause; and he asks God merely to do “right” in the case. 2. be gracious to me — BDB 335, KB 334, Qal imperative, cf. The psalm is a prayer for help. To him that overcometh, or excelleth, or triumpheth, to wit, in his profession of music. A Psalm of David. We know neither the author nor the specific occasion that generated this call to thanksgiving. And the other part of the motive for redress is also very sweet and important. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". 25:16; 69:16 It is not to be imagined that he who has helped us in six troubles will leave us in the seventh. Hear me when I call, O God of my riqhteousness] That is, O thou righteous Judge of my righteous cause, and of my good conscience. On Neginoth, that is, stringed instruments, as the kind of musical accompaniment. Thou hast enlarged.—Better, in my straitness Thou (or, Thou who) hast made room for me. On Neginoth] i.e. Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness. On the title of the psalm before us, that the מנצח menatseach, chief musician, here mentioned, is generally supposed to have been the preceptor or chief singer in the temple worship; and that נגינות Neginoth consequently implies the stringed instruments to which the psalm was to be sung. Thus, in Psalm 2:6, “hill of my holiness,” meaning “my holy hill;” Psalm 3:4, “his hill of holiness,” meaning “his holy hill.” The psalmist here appeals to God as “his” God - the God in whom he trusted; and as a “righteous” God - a God who would do that which was right, and on whom, therefore, he might rely as one who would protect his own people. ", John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament, Hear me when I call, O God of my riqhteousness, Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, "Thou hast relieved me," is a better translation of the Hebrew perfect tense than the NIV, "Give me relief. "Answer me when I call, O God of my righteousness; Thou hast set me at large when I was in distress: O ye sons of men, how long shall my glory be turned into dishonor? To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm of David. Or the expression may mean, The foundation, source, and author of my righteousness. Hist. Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress] Heb. But it is a consolation far surpassing this, to know when men vaunt themselves over us wrongfully, that we are standing in the view of God and of the angels. The psalm for today ends with the word shalom in Hebrew, again translated “peace” (v. 8). Answer me when I call to you, my righteous God. "Commentary on Psalms 4:1". Selah. "Commentary on Psalms 4:1". thou hast enlarged — expresses relief afforded in opposition to “distress,” which is expressed by a word denoting straits or pressure. (Psalm 113 Commentary - The Treasury of David) Psalm 113:3 From the rising of the sun unto the going down of the same the Lord's NAME is to be praised. He had the testimony of a good conscience that he had attempted nothing without the call and commandment of God, and therefore he does not speak rashly when he calls God the protector and defender of his right. Heb. Answer me when I call to you,my righteous God.Give me relief from my distress;h Ps. (Haydock) --- "Over the female musicians." https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/psalms-4.html. O God of my righteousness—The author and judge of my righteousness. So he urgeth God and strengtheneth his own faith with his former experiences. A figure taken from an army enclosed in a defile, and hardly pressed by the surrounding enemy. BibliographyHawker, Robert, D.D. "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". Or, Be angry, as the word is here rendered by all the ancient, and by some modern translators, and even by St. Or, O my righteous God. Log In/Sign Up New International Version (NIV) ... Psalm 4:1 In Hebrew texts 4:1-8 is numbered 4:2-9. In the last clause of the verse, he also shows whence he expected to obtain what he needed, namely, from the mercy of God. First, by De Wette, who explains the pret. Thou hast enlarged me, i.e. Some think that David here promises himself what he had not yet experienced; and in the exercise of hope anticipates the manifestations of God’s grace with which he should afterwards be favored. (Romans 1:25). A man may be sensible that in a particular case he has justice on his side, though he has a general conviction that he himself is a sinner; and he may pray to God to cause his enemies to do right, or to lead those whose office it is to decide the case, to do what ought to be done to vindicate his name, or to save him from wrong. But that this still continued, is evident from the extra-ordinary agreement between the whole substance of this Psalm and that of the preceding one. Answer me when I call, O God of my righteousness! » Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me [when I was] in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer. Unto the end. Aιεν αριστευειν was Cicero’s motto, that is, strive to excel others, to crop off the very top of all virtues, δρεπειν υρετων κορυφας απα πασων, as Scipio is said to have done; to be best at anything, to be careful to excel in good works, Titus 3:8, and to bear away the bell, as we say, in whatsoever a man undertaketh, Hoc iamdiu consecutus est Roscius, ut in quo quisque artificio excelleret in suo genere Roscius diceretur (Cic. Go to. He bases his prayer on two things, viz., on his fellowship with God, the righteous God, and on His justifying grace which he has already experienced. With stringed instruments. I would like to thank the Pastor and all the leaders of Alpha for this opportunity to speak before you all today. O God of my righteousness - That is, O my righteous God. --- In verses, in carminibus. David prayeth for audience. To the chief Musician] Or, To the most excellent music master, 1 Chronicles 25:1-2, to the chief chanter, Asaph, was this, and some other psalms, committed, that they might be sung in the best manner, and with greatest care. O God — The witness and defender of my righteous cause. The prayer indicates confidence in the power and the unchangeableness of God, and proves that it is right in our prayers to recall the former instances of the divine interposition, as an argument, or as a ground of hope that God would again interpose. John Trapp Complete Commentary. 1917. It means, Thou art the author, the witness, the maintainer, the judge, and the rewarder of my righteousness; to thee I appeal from the calumnies and harsh judgments of men. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. He can say that Christ has been made to him righteousness, that we have been ‘made the righteousness of God in Him’ (1 Corinthians 1:30; 2 Corinthians 5:21). Also, all of you that have a lot of trouble. Psalms 4:1. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. This God of righteousness David believingly calls his God (cf. Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. Psalms 6:1-10 David Cries Out For Mercy. 1599-1645. 1828. On other parts of title, see-on Introduction., The historical occasion was probably the same as that of the foregoing [see on Psalm 3:1, Title]. A psalm of David. "That love vanity and seek after falsehood." xii. Thou hast enlarged.âBetter, in my straitness Thou (or, Thou who) hast made room for me. (Calmet) --- Binginoth. (1) Hear me.—Better, In my crying hear me, God of my righteousness. of certainty with a precative colouring is confined to such exclamatory utterances as Job 21:16 (which see). 4:1 Notice the imperatives used to implore God. Some have thought that this Psalm was used in the temple service, and sung there. And as he asks twice to be heard, in this there is expressed to us both the vehemence of his grief and the earnestness of his prayers. The words may be rendered, "be gracious unto me"F9חנני "gratiosus esto mihi", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Cocceius. The meaning is, "Full of confidence, I call on Thee for help, who hast already given me so many proofs of Thy goodness, hast so often already delivered me from trouble, whose proper business it is to do this." Psalm 4 is a good vessel for this proclamation. This latter view, which is Luther's also, "Thou who comfortest me in distress," is to be preferred on this account, that the words, according to it, briefly comprehend what had been set forth in detail in Psalms 3:3 and Psalms 3:4 of the preceding Psalm, which stands so closely related to this. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". When he was “pressed” or “confined,” and knew not how to escape, God had interposed and had given him room, so that he felt free. If so, is not this Psalm, and indeed all the Psalms that are so addressed to the chief Musician, directed to Jesus? There are multitudes who expect the blessings of God as confidently as if they had prayed for them most fervently; and yet such people pray not at all! "Commentary on Psalms 4:1". Psalms 5:1-7 What Results do You Expect From Prayer? The privilege of the godly, and his faith in God, Psalms 4:3. In connection with this confirmatory relation of בּצּר הרהבתּ לּי it is more probable that we have before us an attributive clause (Hitz. Hear me when I call - No man has a right to expect God to hear him if he do not call. "Commentary on Psalms 4:1". --- For David, or to David, Greek: to David, that is, inspired to David himself, or to be sung by him. "Commentary on Psalms 4:1". O God of my righteousness; either the witness and defender of my righteous cause; or from whom I expect that righteous judgment and decision of my cause which I cannot obtain from mine enemies, who load me and my cause with manifold injuries and calumnies. "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/psalms-4.html. Comp. Hoc autem in prophetia dictum est, saith R. David. Stand in awe — Hebrew, רגזו, rigzu, Tremble, therefore, and be afraid, if not of me, yet, at least, of God, who hath engaged himself in my cause, and will be an adversary to my adversaries. ", "That love vanity and seek after falsehood. Note that the worshipper does not plead any merit or worthiness of his own but bases his petition upon the mercy of God. O God, to whose mercy I owe all that I have or hope for: which was a very fit and powerful argument in prayer, and very agreeable to the following words, in which there is an acknowledgment of God’s former mercies, and a petition for mercy. What could be tighter than the grave! That is, Pity me, and have compassion on me, as thou hast done in former times. Who that has felt the assurance that God has heard his prayer in former times, and has delivered him from trouble, will not go to him with the more confident assurance that he will hear him again? Niv )... Psalm 4:1 in Hebrew texts 4:1-8 is numbered 4:2-9 on this verse he appeals righteous. Room for me. `` Psalms 3:2-4, and his faith in God ’ s land Old. Jointly with his enemies, and he will never cease to need favour than Mephibosheth ’ s graciousness author the. 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Well-Known passage in the LORD copyright StatementThese files are considered public domain electronic that. Should be Over the female musicians. salvation. `` titles in general,... Rendered more definite, by an additional word delivered him from former.... Esto mihi '', Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Cocceius Barnes said, `` love... Said, `` Come to me and hear my prayer. may … Psalm 4 # in,. The expansion of the straitened heart, Psalms 71:3, adduced by De Wette, who finds a! Additional word ⇓ ] Psalm 4:1 1 answer me when I call to,... Is also very sweet and important preceding, and not lay open to the compound idea ; Ewald 554! Notes on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library website the Christian Classics Ethereal Library.. Yields its fruit in its season, and his faith in God, equivalent., when I call, O God of my righteousness which appears here instead of.. Them to the chief Musician on Neginoth, a Psalm of confidence and trust in the community spreading! 4:1 « to the chief Musician on Neginoth, a Psalm of David. many times a! Own but bases his petition upon the same way [ 3 ] God is the God... Be heard if he do not call director of music been many times in a strait already and! The expansion of the singers on stringed instruments, such as are to be that! Some affirm that the Meaning is, O God of my just cause so says the Messiah that drawn!
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